The Pulumi plugin is already being used in large projects, but is still considered experimental. Please let us know if you have any questions or if any issues come up!
Garden includes an experimental Pulumi plugin that wraps the Pulumi CLI. This way, you can incorporate Pulumi stacks into your Garden project with minimal extra configuration. The benefits of using this plugin include:
- Leveraging Garden's dependency semantics with your Pulumi stacks.
- For example, Kubernetes modules can depend on infrastructure deployed with Pulumi (and access stack outputs via the
- Deploy, preview, update, refresh or destroy Pulumi stacks in dependency order with a single command.
- Fast incremental deploys that use Garden's versioning system in combination with Pulumi stack tags to implement efficient service status checks.
We strongly recommend that you learn about Pulumi (if you haven't already) before using it with Garden.
Internally, Garden simply wraps the Pulumi CLI, calling the appropriate Pulumi CLI commands to deploy, delete or check the status of a service.
The Pulumi plugin can optionally make use of stack tags to implement fast service status checks, which can be a major boost to performance when deploying projects containing several Pulumi stacks.
Finally, the plugin defines several plugin-specific commands that let you run Pulumi commands in one or more Pulumi modules in dependency order (which can be very useful for projects with several Pulumi stacks).
Once you've got your Pulumi module configured, it will be deployed when you run
garden deployin your project—just like any other Garden service!
Garden's dependency graph functionality is a great fit for stack references. For example, if
pulumi-module-a's Pulumi program uses a stack references to an IP address that's an output of
pulumi-module-b's Pulumi program, you can add a dependency on
pulumi-module-bby referencing that output:
# Here, you should list all stack references used by this module's pulumi program.
# Make sure to add a dependency on each pulumi module you're using for stack references
# above (otherwise an error will be thrown when you deploy).
This ensures that Garden deploys
pulumi-module-awhen running e.g.
If you make sure to include all stack references to pulumi modules in your project in the
stackReferencesfield, you can safely set
cacheStatus: truefor your module, since Garden will factor the stack output values into its version calculations.
cacheStatusis set to
false, Garden runs
pulumi upon every deploy. While this is safe and easy to reason about, it's much slower and more resource-intensive than using
cacheStatus = true.
This is because running
pulumi upis a much more expensive operation (in terms of CPU, RAM and time used) than the calls to
pulumi stack tag set/getthat Garden uses when
cacheStatus = true.
With that in mind, we recommend using
cacheStatus = truein your pulumi modules whenever possible, once you've made sure you've included all relevant stack references in your pulumi module configs.
The pulumi plugin also comes with plugin-specific commands, which are designed to run pulumi commands in dependency order (and with access to Garden's full config/templating capabilities).
The currently available plugin commands are:
reimportEach of the above wraps the pulumi command with the same name, except for
pulumi export | pulumi import—a workflow that's occasionally needed).
By default, each command runs for every pulumi module in the project. Each plugin command also accepts an optional list of pulumi module names as CLI arguments.
When a list of module names is provided, the pulumi command will only be run for those modules (still in dependency order).
garden plugins pulumi preview -- my-pulumi-module my-other-pulumi-module
Also take a look at the pulumi provider reference and the [pulumi module type reference] for details on all the configuration parameters.