Configuration Overview

Garden is configured via garden.yml (or *.garden.yml) configuration files, which Garden collects and compiles into a Stack Graph of your project.

The project configuration file should be located in the top-level directory of the project's Git repository. We suggest naming it for clarity, but you can also use garden.yml or any filename ending with .garden.yml.

In addition, each of the project's actions should be located in that action's top-level directory. Actions define all the individual components of your project.

You can define config templates to create your own abstractions, both within a project and across multiple projects.

Lastly, you can define workflows, to codify sequences of Garden commands and custom scripts. We suggest placing those in a file in your project root.

The other docs under the Using Garden go into more details, and we highly recommend reading through all of them.

Below, you'll also find some general information on how to configure a project.

Including/excluding files and directories

By default, all directories under the project root are scanned for Garden actions. Depending on the action kind and type, files in the same directory as the action configuration file might be included as source files for that action. Often, you need more granular control over the context, not least if you have multiple actions in the same directory.

Garden provides three different ways to achieve this:

  1. The scan.include and scan.exclude fields in project configuration files.

  2. The ".ignore" file, e.g. .gitignore or .gardenignore.

  3. The include and exclude fields in action configuration files.

The first two are described below. The action-specific includes/excludes are described in the section on actions.

Including and excluding files across the project

By default, all directories under the project root are scanned for Garden actions, except those matching your ignore files. You may want to limit the scope, for example if you only want certain actions as part of a project, or if all your actions are contained in a single directory (in which case it is more efficient to scan only that directory).

The scan.include and scan.exclude fields are a simple way to explicitly specify which directories should be scanned for actions. They both accept a list of POSIX-style paths or globs. For example:

kind: Project
name: my-project
    - actions/**/*
    - actions/tmp/**/*

Here we only scan the actions directory, but exclude the actions/tmp directory.

If you specify a list with include, only those patterns are included. If you then specify one or more exclude patterns, those are filtered out of the ones matched by include. If you only specify exclude, those patterns will be filtered out of all paths in the project directory.

The scan.exclude field is also used to limit the number of files and directories Garden watches for changes while running. Use that if you have a large number of files/directories in your project that you do not need to watch, or if you are seeing excessive CPU/RAM usage. The scan.include field has no effect on which paths Garden watches for changes.

.ignore file

Generally, using .gardenignore files is far more performant than exclude config statements and will decrease graph resolution time.

By default, Garden respects .gardenignore files and excludes any patterns matched in those files. You can place the ignore files anywhere in your repository, much like .gitignore files, and they will follow the same semantics.

You can use those to exclude files and directories across the project, both from being scanned for Garden modules and when selecting source files for individual modules. For example, you might put this .gardenignore file in your project root directory:


This would cause Garden to ignore node_modules and public directories across your project/repo, and all .log files.

Note that these take precedence over both scan.include fields in your project config, and include fields in your module configs. If a path is matched by one of the ignore files, the path will not be included in your project or modules.

Prior to Garden 0.13, it was possible to specify multiple ".ignore" files using the dotIgnoreFiles field in a project configuration:

kind: Project
name: my-project
dotIgnoreFiles: [.gardenignore, .gitignore]

This behaviour was changed in Garden 0.13.

You can override which filename to use as a single ".ignore" file using the dotIgnoreFile field in your project configuration:

kind: Project
name: my-project
dotIgnoreFile: .gardenignore

The default value of dotIgnoreFile is .gardenignore.

Git submodules

If you're using Git submodules in your project, please note the following:

  1. You may ignore submodules using .ignore files and include/exclude filters. If a submodule path itself (that is, the path to the submodule directory, not its contents), matches one that is ignored by your .ignore files or exclude filters, or if you specify include filters and the submodule path does not match one of them, the module will not be scanned.

  2. Include/exclude filters (both at the project and module-level) are applied the same way, whether a directory is a submodule or a normal directory.

  3. .ignore files are considered in the context of each git root. This means that a .ignore file that's outside of a submodule will be completely ignored when scanning that submodule. This is by design, to be consistent with normal Git behavior.

Next steps

We highly recommend reading all the other docs in this section to learn about the different configuration options and entities.

The Variables and Templating guide explains how you can reference across different providers and modules, as well as how to supply secret values to your configuration.

Also, be sure to look at the Reference section for more details on each of the available configuration fields, and the Template Strings Reference for the keys available in template strings.

Last updated